CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIESCORPORATION
(NORINCO) established in 1973 as China North
made public in 1979. In September 1988, NORINCO was made one of
several organizations under the China North Industries Group Corporation,
China North Industries Corporation and answers directly to the
Chinese state council, but many analysts contend that it operates
under the heavy influence of the PLAs corporate network. Known
as Norinco, the firm’s glossy product catalogs boast of
the company’s expertise in technology, manufacturing and
trade, and its extensive publishing properties. But Norinco's
real claim to power and profits is based upon them being the principal
arms manufacturer for China and any other potential international
clients (a business that makes it a constant target of U.S. intelligence).
The company is said to own 82 overseas companies with billions
of dollars in annual sales. The most prominent producer in Asia
is China. The major small arms production company in China is
the state-owned China North Industries Group Corporation (also
known as NORINCO). In the 1990s its combined sales of military
and civilian products averaged about $2 billion annually. However,
weapons account for only 20 to 30 percent of overall production.
In July 1999 NORINCO was divided into China South Industries Group
Corporation (CSG) and China North Industries Group Corporation
(CNGN). It was then when CSG refocused almost entirely on civil
production while CNGN became the new weapons producer and began
producing most of China’s small arms, apart from some small
PLA factories. The study estimates that at its peak the Chinese
military inventory probably totaled at least 27 million firearms,
probably the biggest in the world.
©2002 Asia Times Online Co, Ltd.
In the early 1980s the Chinese began using the vast Norinco Company
as a state owned centralized commercial exporting entity for the
purpose of exporting small arms. China North Industries Group,
NORINCO (G), has over 300 sub elements including factories (157
medium to large factories), research institutes, and trading companies.
It has established over 100 joint ventures and has more than 20
overseas offices and 60 branches. They exported everything from
Kalashnikov rifles to Type-59 tanks and artillery which have been
emblazoned with the Norinco name. Money from these commercial
ventures was funneled back into the PLA.
Rebublic Of CHINa
Exports...that is where they get PROCHINE).
It was the AK's imported from China before the Norinco's and Polytech's
by Sherwood International Imports of Northridge, CA.(Northridge
is misspelled ie NORTH RIGDE)
This model was identical as the Type 56, except for an underfolding
metal buttstock. This buttstock could be folded up or down with
a 30 round magazine in place, and the rear of the receiver had
an angle cut.
Type 56S: This is the most common
type encountered in today’s market. It comes configured
with a full wood buttstock (Manchurian Chu wood).This model is
simular to the Chinese Military version only semi automatic (The
"S" stands for Sporter). These had a nice deep blue
finish, and nice “metal to wood” fit. They came with
either underfolding or removable type bayonets. Wood on the early
rifles was a flat, almost walnut colored finish. Later production
featured the orange shellac that is so often seen today. The wood
pistol grips “smooth sided” second (AK-49) or third
(AK-53/54) pattern style. Firing pin was flat, and of the inertia
type. They sported a hooded fat front sight, a heavy barrel, and
a sling loop on the gas block, as well as a bayonet lug. The muzzle
of the barrel came with 14x1mm LH threads, and a slant cut compensator.
This model is similar to the Type 56, except the stocks are made
of a reddish/brown phenolic material and the rear buttstock folds
to the right side. The pistol grips were different however, and
were shaped very similar to a 1919A4 machine gun. On a side note,
this model is most commonly found in Afghanistan, as well as Iraq,
but lacks the muzzle threads and slant compensator.
This model is essentially the same as the 56-2, except it has
a fixed/non folding rear buttstock, made out of the same phenolic
material (Note this is an early specimen, later trunions were
56-5: This is the
odd ball, seldom encountered rifle officially known as the "National
Match" Type 56-5 rifle. This model was built to a slightly
better standard and so designated by a vertical row of kanji character
stamped on the right rear of the milled receiver. The English translation
of said row is “Built to Exacting Tolerances.” On a
side note, this model was introduced after PolyTech had already
come out with their version. Usually factory /26\ marked.
barrel marking : IACO Sac CA
barrel marking : NORINCO 7.62mm China